Although Article 50 of the Constitution prohibits the punishment of estrangement, that didn’t prevent the expulsion of Villca Fernández. After two years in the Helicoide dungeons, on June 14, 2018 he was released from prison. However, he was not allowed to return home. That day, officials took him to the airport and put him in a fly to Peru, the homeland of his father. He became another exile by direct orders of the Venezuelan dictatorship.
From the plane, Villca assured that he would continue fighting so that all the exiles could rebuild the country. “I’ll only be free when Venezuela is free” was his farewell message.
Villca Fernández demonstrated the convictions intact that made him a prisoner of conscience. “Our fight is to achieve a country where free thought is not imprisoned, where what I live today, to be expelled from the country that saw me born, no one else will live it.”
Article 50 of the Magna Carta reads: “No act of the Public Power may establish the penalty of estrangement of the national territory against Venezuelans or Venezuelans.” However, the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro exercises an unconstitutional policy that directly violates the rights of citizens.
Alonso Medina Roa, defense lawyer for Villca, said that the exile was an outlaw instrument. “It was unconstitutional, Villca Fernández is Venezuelan by birth, so you can not apply this type of mechanism.”
The deputy Adriana Pichardo, of the Voluntad Popular party, warned that in Venezuela there was no talk of exile since the time of the dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez. On the case of Villca, for the parliamentarian it is an action that leaves Nicolás Maduro naked.
The list of exiles grows
Francisco Márquez and Gabriel San Miguel were professors at the University of Los Andres. On May 15, 2016, both were apprehended when they moved to a demonstration. His release came at different times: Gabo left Helicoide on September 9 of that same year and taken to the International Airport of Maiquetía, where he was made to take a flight to Spain.
For his part, Francisco did not see his release until September 20, 2016, when he was transferred from the jail where he was to the airport, where he had to take a flight with no possibility of returning to the United States.
During the liberations produced in December 2017, four citizens with dual nationality (between Spaniards and Portuguese) were invited to leave the country.